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Agile Project Management Methodology – Intro

Agile in English means quick and well-coordinated in movement. Well, when it comes to the definition of being agile in the software industry, it is defined and understood in different ways by people playing various roles. A developer defines agile as a process that best handles the changing business requirements. A QA defines it as […]

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Agile Manifesto

Agile Manifesto is a popular software development method. In February 2001, 17 Software developers met at the Snowbird, Utah resort, to discuss about Software development method. Finally they published the light weight development methods. That is called Agile Software development. Some of the manifesto’s authors formed The Agile Alliance, a non-profit organization that promotes software […]

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Acceptance Testing

Acceptance testing is the activity that is performed by the representative of a development team and also performed by the client at his site. Acceptance test is a level of software testing process where a system is tested for its acceptability and conformance to requirements. The purpose of the acceptance test is to evaluate the […]

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Binomial Distribution

Binomial Outcome – The term indicates two possibilities. One out of a defined two outcomes is possible in a Binomial Experiment. Examples: Getting Head or Tail on flipping a coin; Scoring ‘Pass’ or ‘Fail’ marks in an examination Choosing ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ candidate Binomial Distribution is the distribution of the row of outcomes in a […]

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Baseline Measurement

Baseline Measurement or Base lining as it is shortly called is the process of establishing the starting point of any process/metric, from which the improvement or impact of any change measure is calculated. It is used to gauge how effective an improvement or change initiative is. Now, let us look at where and how a […]

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Axiomatic Design

Axiomatic Design is a design concept that was introduced by Nam Pyo Suh who works at MIT, United States. It proposes a systematic approach for the design of products, processes, components, software etc. It applies a scientific approach for designing products according to customer needs. The below are the two main concepts of Axiomatic Deign: […]

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A3 Report

A3 Report One might wonder what A3 report is all about. A3 is an abbreviation of a difficult technical term? , Or another statistical method and reporting? , Or yet another tedious graphical tool or software? It would be surprising to now that A3 report is not any of the above, but a very simple […]

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Alpha & Beta Risk

Alpha and Beta risks are the risks involved while conducting a statistical analysis with the help of Hypothesis testing. While estimating a value with Hypothesis testing, it is possible that two types of mistakes occur: Incorrectly deciding that the value is out of the predicted range (Rejecting a true hypothesis), and Incorrectly deciding that an […]

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Sampling Methods

Sampling is the process of choosing selective or random items from a known population for studying the characteristics of the Population. Sampling is used because; studying the entire population may be costly, impossible or time-consuming. Therefore, one of the main characteristic of sampling should be to represent the original population without any deviations. There are […]

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Deming’s 14 Principles

Edward W. Deming was an American Statistician, Professor and Quality Consultant. He is known for his principles and books in the field of Quality Management. He proposed various concepts like PDCA, sampling techniques and was also well known for his contribution to Japan’s Quality journey. Let us look at what the Deming’s principles say. Create […]

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Taguchi’s Quality Loss Function

In the field of Quality management and manufacturing industry, Taguchi’s Quality loss function proposed a different approach and was a turning point in how businesses considered cost of quality and loss associated with poor quality product. Let us have a look at the traditional quality loss approach and the Taguchi model. Traditional Quality Loss: Traditionally […]

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Corrective Action Report (CAR)

Corrective Action Report is a procedure used to originate a corrective action. It is used as response to a defect. In simple words, it means an action/actions adopted to eliminate the problem from occurring again. Correction relates to containment whereas corrective action relates to the root cause. The main objective of CAR is to investigate […]

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Lean Manufacturing

The concept of lean manufacturing was based on the philosophy of Toyota’s Production System (TPS), developed post World War II during reconstruction of automobile industry in Japan. Lean Manufacturing refers to the process which manufactures better quality products with a lower defect rate and at a greater speed than its competitors. However, the term “lean” […]

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Just In Time Manufacturing

Just In time as a philosophy was evolved after World War II in Japan, as a result of their diminishing market share in the auto industry. Taiichi Ohno, father of Toyota Production System (TPS) promoted the idea of JIT. Where, Just In Time led basis for Toyota Production System. However, JIT gained worldwide prominence in […]

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Analytical Hierarchy Process

The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a multi-criteria decision-making process based on mathematics and psychology. The mathematician Dr. Thomas L. Saaty developed this process in the 1970s. The AHP is a decision support tool, which has been widely used to solve complex decision problems. It has multi-level hierarchical structure of objectives, criteria and alternatives. It […]

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