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A3 Report

A3 Report One might wonder what A3 report is all about. A3 is an abbreviation of a difficult technical term? , Or another statistical method and reporting? , Or yet another tedious graphical tool or software? It would be surprising to now that A3 report is not any of the above, but a very simple […]

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Alpha & Beta Risk

Alpha and Beta risks are the risks involved while conducting a statistical analysis with the help of Hypothesis testing. While estimating a value with Hypothesis testing, it is possible that two types of mistakes occur: Incorrectly deciding that the value is out of the predicted range (Rejecting a true hypothesis), and Incorrectly deciding that an […]

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Sampling Methods

Sampling is the process of choosing selective or random items from a known population for studying the characteristics of the Population. Sampling is used because; studying the entire population may be costly, impossible or time-consuming. Therefore, one of the main characteristic of sampling should be to represent the original population without any deviations. There are […]

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Deming’s 14 Principles

Edward W. Deming was an American Statistician, Professor and Quality Consultant. He is known for his principles and books in the field of Quality Management. He proposed various concepts like PDCA, sampling techniques and was also well known for his contribution to Japan’s Quality journey. Let us look at what the Deming’s principles say. Create […]

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Taguchi’s Quality Loss Function

In the field of Quality management and manufacturing industry, Taguchi’s Quality loss function proposed a different approach and was a turning point in how businesses considered cost of quality and loss associated with poor quality product. Let us have a look at the traditional quality loss approach and the Taguchi model. Traditional Quality Loss: Traditionally […]

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Corrective Action Report (CAR)

Corrective Action Report is a procedure used to originate a corrective action. It is used as response to a defect. In simple words, it means an action/actions adopted to eliminate the problem from occurring again. Correction relates to containment whereas corrective action relates to the root cause. The main objective of CAR is to investigate […]

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Lean Manufacturing

The concept of lean manufacturing was based on the philosophy of Toyota’s Production System (TPS), developed post World War II during reconstruction of automobile industry in Japan. Lean Manufacturing refers to the process which manufactures better quality products with a lower defect rate and at a greater speed than its competitors. However, the term “lean” […]

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Just In Time Manufacturing

Just In time as a philosophy was evolved after World War II in Japan, as a result of their diminishing market share in the auto industry. Taiichi Ohno, father of Toyota Production System (TPS) promoted the idea of JIT. Where, Just In Time led basis for Toyota Production System. However, JIT gained worldwide prominence in […]

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Analytical Hierarchy Process

The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a multi-criteria decision-making process based on mathematics and psychology. The mathematician Dr. Thomas L. Saaty developed this process in the 1970s. The AHP is a decision support tool, which has been widely used to solve complex decision problems. It has multi-level hierarchical structure of objectives, criteria and alternatives. It […]

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Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Matrix (RACI)

Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed matrix is a formal and straightforward tool used in decision-making. It identifies and establishes role and responsibilities for each stakeholder/employee in the project or business process. Role confusion leads to unproductive work culture, the RACI matrix help bring clarity in the roles of all the participating employees. It also eliminates duplication […]

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ANDON

Andon in manufacturing refers to a status-display station. The origin of term Andon is from a Japanese word for traditional paper lantern. An Andon is one of the most common forms of visual management that is in use in Lean. It is a highly effective tool as it enables the operation to run smoothly without […]

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Plan Do Study Act (PDSA)

The Plan do study act is an iterative, four-stage problem solving model used for improving a process or carrying out change. The PDSA cycle is a systematic series of steps for gaining valuable learning and knowledge for the continuous improvement of a product or process. It is also known as Deming cycle, as Dr. Edward […]

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Machince Capability Index

Machine capability index is an index derived from the observations from uninterrupted/continuous production run. It is often known as Cmk. It is a short-term capability index and also called initial process capability. The long-term capability index can be calculated for a machine/process after achieving the required Cmk value. A machine capability study is the testing […]

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Entry and Exit Criteria

Entry criteria are the criteria or requirements, which must be met before initiating a specific task or a process. It is a predefined set of conditions that must exist before a unit of project work can commence. It is used as a process control mechanism, to determine the cost-effectiveness of initiating a process or sub […]

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Change Acceleration Processes (CAP)

Change Acceleration Processes (CAP) represents a group of change management tools that are used to help the change effort to be accelerated towards a common goal. In simple words, it is a set of principles and tools designed to accelerate implementation and increase the success of organizational change. It helps to gauge the political, strategic, […]

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