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Seven Basic Tools of Quality

The Seven Basic Tools of Quality (also known as 7 QC Tools) originated in Japan when the country was undergoing major quality revolution and had become a mandatory topic as part of Japanese’s industrial training program. These tools which comprised of simple graphical and statistical techniques were helpful in solving critical quality related issues. These […]

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Plant Layout Study

Criteria for plant layout evaluation Proper plant layout designs are one of the important steps during the construction of manufacturing industries because material flow distance and material handling cost are affected by plant layout designs. If proper layout designs are not adopted then material handling cost and material flow distance become high. Thus total manufacturing […]

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Flow line manufacturing

Flow line manufacturing is used to manufacture high volumes of products with high production rates and low costs. Separate dedicated flow line is created for each product. Dedicated machines are used to manufacture the products at high production rates. These machines are generally expensive. A large volume of the products must be produced in order […]

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Job shop manufacturing

Job shops are designed to manufacture a wide variety of products with small lot sizes in order to achieve maximum flexibility. Products have usually different operation sequences and operating time for each operation could vary significantly in job shop manufacturing. Products are released to the job shops in batches also called jobs. General purpose machines […]

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Virtual Cellular Manufacturing

Competition is increased in manufacturing sector because of global business scenario. Innovative manufacturing concepts should be implemented by management of manufacturing industries in order to defeat competitor. Several benefits such as reduction in setup time, reduction in work in progress, reduction in material handling cost and time, reduction in material flow distance, improvement in machine […]

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Performance criteria for comparing performance of methods to solve cell formation, machine layout and cell layout problem

Researchers have developed their methods to solve cell formation, machine layout and cell layout problem. Researchers have also compared performance of their methods with other methods available in the literature by selecting appropriate performance criteria. Commonly used performance criteria for comparing performance of methods to solve cell formation, machine layout & cell layout problem are […]

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Genetic algorithm

Genetic algorithm to solve machine layout problem John Holland invented genetic algorithm in the 1960s. Genetic algorithm is a meta-heuristic which is used to solve search and optimization problems. Genetic algorithm mimics the principle of natural genetics. Figure 1 presents the flow chart of genetic algorithm which can be used to solve machine layout problem. […]

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Machine Layout Problem

Exhaustive Search, Branch And Bound Method And Greedy Algorithm To Solve Machine Layout Problem Exhaustive search The following steps show that how exhaustive search can be used to find out the solution of machine layout problem. Step 1: Explore all possible paths in the tree using breadth first search. In our case all possible paths […]

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Advantages of cellular manufacturing

Advantages of cellular manufacturing compared to traditional manufacturing by efficient layout design are depicted in figure 1 and explained as follows. Figure 1: Advantages of cellular manufacturing 1. Reduction in setup time Setup time is defined as period required preparing a device, machine, process or system to be ready to function or accept a job. […]

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Introduction to cellular manufacturing system problems

Three problems namely: cell formation problem, machine layout problem and cell layout problem require to be efficiently and optimally solved to implement cellular manufacturing system successfully. These problems shown in figure 1 are called cellular manufacturing system problems and are described as per the following. Figure 1: Cellular manufacturing system problems Cell formation problem: Solving […]

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Introduction To Cellular Manufacturing

Group technology is a theory of management based on the principle that “similar things should be done similarly”. It can be applied to various administrative activities including activities involved in manufacturing. Frederick Taylor initiated group technology as a manufacturing philosophy in 1919 that uses the similarities of produced parts in order to create the factory […]

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Agile Project Management Methodology – Intro

Agile in English means quick and well-coordinated in movement. Well, when it comes to the definition of being agile in the software industry, it is defined and understood in different ways by people playing various roles. A developer defines agile as a process that best handles the changing business requirements. A QA defines it as […]

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Agile Manifesto

Agile Manifesto is a popular software development method. In February 2001, 17 Software developers met at the Snowbird, Utah resort, to discuss about Software development method. Finally they published the light weight development methods. That is called Agile Software development. Some of the manifesto’s authors formed The Agile Alliance, a non-profit organization that promotes software […]

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Acceptance Testing

Acceptance testing is the activity that is performed by the representative of a development team and also performed by the client at his site. Acceptance test is a level of software testing process where a system is tested for its acceptability and conformance to requirements. The purpose of the acceptance test is to evaluate the […]

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Binomial Distribution

Binomial Outcome – The term indicates two possibilities. One out of a defined two outcomes is possible in a Binomial Experiment. Examples: Getting Head or Tail on flipping a coin; Scoring ‘Pass’ or ‘Fail’ marks in an examination Choosing ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ candidate Binomial Distribution is the distribution of the row of outcomes in a […]

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